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Kubernetes Developer Guide | Helm Development Guide | Reference Architecture


Helm V2

We can run collocated helm installs by moving the helm binary to helm3 and installing helm2

helm v3 changes from v2

  brew uninstall helm
  brew uninstall helm@2
  brew install helm@2
  helm version
  vi ~/.bash_profile 

export PATH="/usr/local/opt/helm@2/bin:$PATH"
  source ~/.bash_profile 
  helm version

# enable tiller in minikube

 kubectl -n kube-system create serviceaccount tiller
 kubectl create clusterrolebinding tiller --clusterrole=cluster-admin --serviceaccount=kube-system:tiller
 helm init --service-account tiller
 kubectl -n kube-system  rollout status deploy/tiller-deploy
 sudo helm init
 helm serve &
 helm repo add local
 helm repo list

Helm V3 

For kubernetes installation/development see Kubernetes Developer Guide

see also Asynchronous Messaging using Kafka#KafkaOperatorCharts

REF-3 - Getting issue details... STATUS

Install helm

Install Helm on OSX

Install Brew 

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL"

biometric:wse_helm michaelobrien$ brew install helm
==> Downloading
==> Downloading from
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring helm-3.0.3.catalina.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
Bash completion has been installed to:

zsh completions have been installed to:
==> Summary
  /usr/local/Cellar/helm/3.0.3: 7 files, 40.6MB

biometric:wse_helm michaelobrien$ helm version
version.BuildInfo{Version:"v3.0.3", GitCommit:"ac925eb7279f4a6955df663a0128044a8a6b7593", GitTreeState:"clean", GoVersion:"go1.13.7"}

biometric:wse_go michaelobrien$ kubectl get services --all-namespaces
default       tomcat-dev                 LoadBalancer    localhost     80:32305/TCP                 75s

biometric:wse_go michaelobrien$ kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
NAMESPACE     NAME                                     READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
default       tomcat-dev-76d87c8fb6-9xjr6              1/1     Running   0          106s

biometric:wse_go michaelobrien$ helm list
NAME      	NAMESPACE	REVISION	UPDATED                             	STATUS  	CHART       	APP VERSION
tomcat-dev	default  	1       	2020-02-16 11:15:14.196403 -0500 EST	deployed	tomcat-0.4.1	7.0 

Upgrade Helm using Brew

brew upgrade helm

==> Upgrading 1 outdated package:
helm 3.0.3 -> 3.2.1
==> Upgrading helm 3.0.3 -> 3.2.1

biometric:wse_helm $ helm version
version.BuildInfo{Version:"v3.2.1", GitCommit:"fe51cd1e31e6a202cba7dead9552a6d418ded79a", GitTreeState:"clean", GoVersion:"go1.13.10"} 

Override values.yaml parameters in the default helm chart

root@tomcat-dev-76d87c8fb6-7nxjx:/usr/local/tomcat/logs# curl --head
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Server: Apache-Coyote/1.1
Location: /sample/
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Date: Sun, 16 Feb 2020 18:15:28 GMT

root@tomcat-dev-76d87c8fb6-7nxjx:/usr/local/tomcat/logs# curl --head
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Apache-Coyote/1.1
Accept-Ranges: bytes
ETag: W/"636-1185812788000"
Last-Modified: Mon, 30 Jul 2007 16:26:28 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 636
Date: Sun, 16 Feb 2020 18:16:02 GMT

curl - - [16/Feb/2020:18:21:18 +0000] "GET /sample/ HTTP/1.1" 200 636

change the port from 80 to 31111
helm upgrade tomcat-dev stable/tomcat --set service.externalPort=31111
default       tomcat-dev    LoadBalancer   localhost     31111:31962/TCP          26m

n> curl
StatusCode        : 200
StatusDescription : OK

Install Helm on Windows 10

extract the zip and add the exe to your classpath

$ helm version
version.BuildInfo{Version:"v3.2.0", GitCommit:"e11b7ce3b12db2941e90399e874513fbd24bcb71", GitTreeState:"clean", GoVersion:"go1.13.10"}

Helm Chart Examples

Install Tomcat from a stable Helm chart


biometric:wse_go michaelobrien$ helm repo add stable
"stable" has been added to your repositories

biometric:wse_go michaelobrien$ helm install tomcat-dev stable/tomcat
NAME: tomcat-dev
LAST DEPLOYED: Sun Feb 16 11:15:14 2020
NAMESPACE: default
STATUS: deployed
1. Get the application URL by running these commands:
     NOTE: It may take a few minutes for the LoadBalancer IP to be available.
           You can watch the status of by running 'kubectl get svc -w tomcat-dev'
  export SERVICE_IP=$(kubectl get svc --namespace default tomcat-dev -o jsonpath='{.status.loadBalancer.ingress[0].hostname}')
  echo http://$SERVICE_IP:
biometric:wse_go michaelobrien$ export SERVICE_IP=$(kubectl get svc --namespace default tomcat-dev -o jsonpath='{.status.loadBalancer.ingress[0].hostname}')
biometric:wse_go michaelobrien$ echo http://$SERVICE_IP:

Your own Helm charts  - this example contains a default nginx server

Helm Lifecycle

Create Helm Chart

ubuntu@ip-172-31-81-46:~/obrienlabs$ sudo helm create difference-nbi
Creating difference-nbi
ubuntu@ip-172-31-81-46:~/obrienlabs$ ls difference-nbi/
Chart.yaml  charts  templates  values.yaml

Package Helm Chart

ubuntu@ip-172-31-81-46:~/obrienlabs/difference-nbi$ cd ..
ubuntu@ip-172-31-81-46:~/obrienlabs$ sudo helm package difference-nbi
Successfully packaged chart and saved it to: /home/ubuntu/obrienlabs/difference-nbi-0.1.0.tgz

package to local chart repo

Install Helm Chart

ubuntu@ip-172-31-81-46:~/obrienlabs$ helm install difference-nbi --name difference-nbi
NAME:   difference-nbi
LAST DEPLOYED: Mon Jun 10 19:00:59 2019
ubuntu@ip-172-31-81-46:~/obrienlabs$ kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
NAMESPACE       NAME                                      READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE
default         difference-nbi-5fc754f69-hqkr2            1/1     Running     0          16s
ubuntu@ip-172-31-81-46:~/obrienlabs$ kubectl get services --all-namespaces
NAMESPACE       NAME                                   TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                                  AGE
default         difference-nbi                         ClusterIP     <none>        80/TCP                                   75s
ubuntu@ip-172-31-81-46:~/charts/stable$ sudo helm ls
NAME          	REVISION	UPDATED                 	STATUS  	CHART                       	APP VERSION  	NAMESPACE
difference-nbi	1       	Mon Jun 10 19:00:59 2019	DEPLOYED	difference-nbi-0.1.0        	1.0          	default   

ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ kubectl port-forward difference-nbi-74955fd75b-9kgb2 8180:80
Forwarding from -> 80
Forwarding from [::1]:8180 -> 80

SCP Helm Chart and git commit it

obrienbiometrics:difference-kubernetes michaelobrien$ scp -rp* .
Chart.yaml                                                                                                                                                     100%  110     1.4KB/s   00:00    
.helmignore                                                                                                                                                    100%  342     4.5KB/s   00:00    
values.yaml                                                                                                                                                    100% 1070    13.7KB/s   00:00    
service.yaml                                                                                                                                                   100%  611     7.1KB/s   00:00    
deployment.yaml                                                                                                                                                100% 1581    12.7KB/s   00:00    
ingress.yaml                                                                                                                                                   100% 1070    13.2KB/s   00:00    
_helpers.tpl                                                                                                                                                   100% 1066    14.3KB/s   00:00    
test-connection.yaml                                                                                                                                           100%  585     9.9KB/s   00:00    
NOTES.txt                                                                                                                                                      100% 1513    20.9KB/s   00:00    

Upgrade Helm Chart

Use helm hooks to key into any part of the lifecycle.

ONAP references to helm upgrade

Issues with pod deletion - see

Uninstall/delete Helm Chart

delete the chart, delete handing pods, optionally delete the pvc then pv.
sudo helm delete kafka
sudo helm del --purge kafka
kubectl delete pvc/datadir-kafka-0
or delete all in order

kubectl delete pvc --all
kubectl delete pv --all

Helm Backup Plugin

see from

sudo helm plugin install
helm install --namespace kafka --name kafka kafka/
sudo helm backup kafka
helm delete --purge kafka
sudo helm backup kafka --restore
biometric:incubator michaelobrien$ kubectl get pods --all-namespaces | grep kafka
kafka         kafka-0                                1/1     Running   1          2m53s
kafka         kafka-1                                1/1     Running   0          80s
kafka         kafka-2                                1/1     Running   0          47s
kafka         kafka-zookeeper-0                      1/1     Running   1          2m53s
kafka         kafka-zookeeper-1                      1/1     Running   0          2m17s
kafka         kafka-zookeeper-2                      1/1     Running   0          113s

Kubectl apply from Helm get/pull backup

There are cases where a deployed helm chart can be backed up to a single yaml using "helm get".  In order to redeploy this yaml without doing a helm install - the yaml must be edited to remove the initial values.yaml extract at the top before the first apiVersion line.

biometric:incubator michaelobrien$ sudo helm get kafka > kafka_get.yaml
biometric:incubator michaelobrien$ helm delete --purge kafka

biometric:incubator michaelobrien$ vi kafka_get.yaml
remove the following to avoid
error: error parsing kafka_get.yaml: error converting YAML to JSON: yaml: line 7: could not find expected ':'

RELEASED: Thu Jul 23 14:26:00 2020
CHART: kafka-0.21.2

biometric:incubator michaelobrien$ kubectl apply -f kafka_get.yaml
pod/kafka-test-topic-create-consume-produce created
poddisruptionbudget.policy/kafka-zookeeper created
configmap/kafka-zookeeper created
service/kafka-zookeeper-headless created
service/kafka-zookeeper created
service/kafka created
service/kafka-headless created
statefulset.apps/kafka-zookeeper created
statefulset.apps/kafka created

biometric:incubator michaelobrien$ kubectl get pods --all-namespaces | grep kafka
default       kafka-0                                   1/1     Running   1          4m58s
default       kafka-1                                   1/1     Running   0          3m37s
default       kafka-2                                   1/1     Running   0          3m5s
default       kafka-test-topic-create-consume-produce   0/1     Error     0          4m58s
default       kafka-zookeeper-0                         1/1     Running   1          4m58s
default       kafka-zookeeper-1                         1/1     Running   0          4m24s
default       kafka-zookeeper-2                         1/1     Running   0          3m58s

biometric:incubator michaelobrien$ kubectl delete -f kafka_get.yaml 
pod "kafka-test-topic-create-consume-produce" deleted
poddisruptionbudget.policy "kafka-zookeeper" deleted
configmap "kafka-zookeeper" deleted
service "kafka-zookeeper-headless" deleted
service "kafka-zookeeper" deleted
service "kafka" deleted
service "kafka-headless" deleted
statefulset.apps "kafka-zookeeper" deleted
statefulset.apps "kafka" deleted

Helm v3 API

Other Deprecated Tools on top of Kubernetes

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1 Comment

  1. For deployments

    pre kubernetes 1.16

    apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1

    kubernetes 1.16+ 

    apiVersion: apps/v1

    to avoid

    biometric:reference-helm michaelobrien$ helm install --name reference-nbi reference-nbi-0.1.0.tgz

    Error: validation failed: unable to recognize "": no matches for kind "Deployment" in version "extensions/v1beta1"

    with apps/v1

    biometric:reference-helm michaelobrien$ helm install --name reference-nbi reference-nbi-0.1.0.tgz

    NAME:   reference-nbi

    LAST DEPLOYED: Wed Jul 15 21:18:54 2020

    NAMESPACE: default



    ==> v1/Deployment


    reference-nbi  0/1    1           0          0s

    default       reference-nbi-6bf49d969d-wrhrh     1/1     Running   0          33s